Hormone Replacemeant Therapy, or HRT, is a popular medical procedure that can help alleviate menopause symptoms. It is also often used to lessen the effects of aging in people. Although it can be helpful, hormone therapy also entails many health hazards. It is for this reason that every person should discuss with their doctor the decision to use hormone therapy.Have a look at Hormone Replacement Therapy for more info on this.
Hormone replacement therapy is a treatment that consists of a family physician prescribing medication to women. The drug is designed to counteract the menopause effects. These drugs include female hormones such as estrogen and progestin, which is a man-made form of progesterone that exists naturally. Hormone therapy can mitigate many menopause symptoms including hot flashes and vaginal symptoms. While typically used to treat women, there is also a form of hormone therapy available for men to treat low testosterone levels.
A Treatment History
Hormone therapy has been available since the 1930s, when hot sweats and other menopause symptoms were treated with estrogen. Doctors found more reasons to use HRT in the 1960’s and family doctors started to prescribe it more often. During the next decade, psychiatrists used hormone therapy to treat anything from hot flashes to depression. The FDA originally licensed it to treat menopause. The loss of bone density was also approved for treatment in the 1980’s. By 2002, it became apparent that hormone therapy could cause severe health problems, and the frequency of prescription decreased significantly.
Hormone Replacement Benefits
The use of hormone replacement therapy in the short term has a few advantages. Women appear to get protection from bone density loss, colorectal cancer , and heart disease. Studies show this lowers the likelihood of fractures and broken bones. The reduction in heart disease happens as the hormone therapy starts at the start of menopause. Of note, benefits include also reducing menopause symptoms such as mood swings and sleeping issues.
The Treatment Lackages
There are a number of side effects that have diminished the family physicians’ use of hormone therapy medication over the past 10 years. Taking estrogen sans progestin medication increases the risk of uterine cancer. Long-term hormone therapy use is associated with abnormal mammograms, an increased risk of blood clots and an increased chance of certain cancers. For some, the benefits may outweigh the risks of hormone therapy although it is usually recommended by family physicians only when symptoms of menopause are too difficult to live with.
In the past ten years, hormone replacement therapy has diminished, but it is still an successful treatment for some individuals. HRT can reduce symptoms of the menopause and reduce the risk of osteoporosis. Still, the side effects and health risks associated with the process require careful consideration of the therapy before choosing the therapy for long-term treatment.